When tooth roots are exposed due to recession, the traditional periodontal procedure used to cover the roots is called a gingival (gum) graft. However, recent innovations in microsurgery have resulted in a much better alternative for patients.
It is important for patients considering grafting to understand the difference between the older “skin grafts” and newer aesthetic microsurgery grafts. Both involve tissue transplants from the palate, but they differ greatly in the invasiveness of the surgical techniques.
The older method of grafting involves removing tissue, including the skin, from the palate of the mouth. This procedure creates considerable discomfort, since an open wound remains on the palate after surgery. It takes time for this wound to heal, disrupting patient comfort and daily hygiene.
During a microsurgery graft, tissue is transferred beneath the surface with minimal tarauma. Using a microscope, a thin piece of connective tissue is gently separated under the skin and transplanted over exposed root. Because this newer technique does not remove skin, it does not leave an open wound to cause palatal discomfort. Microsurgery is very gentle by nature, and causes minimal discomfort. It is often performed through a pinhole sized opening or an already existing space where the gum adheres to the tooth. Patients are especially happy with the increased speed of healing and superior aesthetic result that can be accomplished with microsurgery.
There was absolutely no pain.” M.B.
Aesthetic microsurgery takes skill, specialized training and extensive experience. Success is best achieved when a microscope is used to enhance a perfect fit of the graft. Microsurgery is highly predictable in covering exposed roots and preventing future recession.
Whether you wish to enhance your smile by covering exposed roots that make your teeth appear long, or eliminate the sensitivity to hot or cold, with aesthetic microsurgery you will receive the benefits of comfort, an improved smile, and better overall oral health.